The same compound is found in spinach. The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. If this plant is seeding, a close examination will show that the seeds have sharp points (or spines) on the edges of its fruit's wings. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Each stalk terminates in a panicle of whorled racemes up to 30 cm (1') in length. They can also be dried for later use. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. We attempted to produce low-oxalate plants of R. obtusifolius, a perennial weed which has higher vitamin C and amino acid content and higher tolerance to stress than many other Rumex … Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine. Yellow Dock. Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Polygonaceae. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Rumex obtusifolius Polygonaceae Perennial Form / Appearance Docks are hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types. Family. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Leaves are alternate along the flowering stalks. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. In this 2 part video series Frank Cook discusses the many uses of edible Dock (Rumex spp.) Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. Polygonaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. This plant prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow in very acidic and very alkaline soils as well. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Broad-Leaved Dock – Rumex obtusifolius. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. As the bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is relatively high in phosphate and potassium levels in … Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. Please click here for more information. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? Mainer Merritt Fernald, who was the Harvard wunderkind of botany from around 1900 to 1950, said all of the 17 native Rumex species in North America were edible. Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. Docks are edible. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. The plant forms muti-stems that bear the leaves. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. They can also be dried for later use. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. There are a number of rumex species, but the most common and well known is Rumex crispus. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. , able to grow and establish on most soil types comes from acid! 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