The same goes for a totally unrelated plant: the African violet. Regularly dust the leaves with a … We have assembled some of the greatest mixes on the planet, from African violets, to bonsai, orchids, tropical, carnivorous and other fine houseplants, rePotme.com is the place smart growers come, because we deliver the goods! Allow soil to dry before watering again. of ground limestone (pH 8.8) to raise 1 cup of peat moss (pH 4.8) to pH 6.3. The easiest option for most gardeners is to use a pre-made potting soil blend designed for African violets. These components are raw bonemeal, greensand, Algit, and 3M Precise timed-release AV food 8-11-5. A good starter mix for African violet leaves or small plantlets is 1 c. Vermiculite, 1 c. Perlite, 2 Tbsp. Click to see full answer * Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Potting mix must be moist without being overly wet for best results. What is the difference between African violet potting soil and regular potting soil? Can you root an African violet leaf in water? Here is a guideline to use but the pH of a material may vary: Rock Phosphate (9.1) is not recommended as it may cause fluoride toxicity and damage your plants. If you are making your own mix, here are a few soil options that you may want to try out for African violets: Soil Mixture. It also permits higher fertilization rates and contains potassium, calcium, and magnesium. Asked By: Encarna Grag | Last Updated: 25th June, 2020, The exceptions to this rule are few, including, The same goes for a totally unrelated plant: the, Depriving your plant from light will cause longer stems as they reach for light to grow. A soilless potting mix can have slow release plant nutrients added to it. Whiting (used in whitewash), and coarse ground eggshells (slow acting) are some examples of calcium. Using premium ingredients in the absence of peat is key to getting rid of fungus gnats. bag Black Magic African violet potting mix, one 4 qt. The above can be used in tiny quantities in potting mix in addition to a regular fertilizer program combined with watering. These plants are native to Africa and found primarily in Kenya and Tanzania. Use dolomite lime which has magnesium in addition to calcium. In about 3 to 6 weeks you’ll have tiny new leaves growing from the base of the mother leaf. Step 1: Remove and trim leaf. African violet potting soil is much lighter and fluffier than regular garden soil. When a plant is potted in a mix with peat moss which has not been properly moistened, too much water passes rapidly through the mix and out the bottom of the pot without doing the plant any good. A basic soilless potting mix formula (1-1-1) is one part each of sphagnum peat moss, horticultural vermiculite, and perlite. Keep a record of the pH for each increment of lime added thus you can determine how much total lime is needed to raise the pH to the desired level for 1 pint of mix. Simply immerse the tip of a leaf from a healthy plant in water, preferably from … How do you repot overgrown African violets? African violets are easy to propagate from leaf cuttings. For best results, plant African violets in African violet pots, which are small (4- to 5-inch) ceramic or plastic self-watering containers. Charcoal and 1 Tbsp. per gallon of hot water. If possible test the pH of the sphagnum peat moss before using. Use 2 cups of mix (1 pint) when adding lime, to see how much is needed starting with 1/2 teaspoon added to mix when testing for pH. Use a commercially produced African Violet soil mix. Add lukewarm water to the soil until it is moist. This reaction was tested with an electronic meter about 15 minutes after being mixed. Most Club potting mix samples received for testing are much too dried out to be satisfactory for potting an African violet. What your aloe needs is a potting soil mixture that includes sand but is not entirely sand. A good potting soil will be very light and porous, a quality which enhances aeration, while keeping the soil moist, but not soggy. Transmission of disease is very common when planting African violets, but the right kind of soil can ward off disease. Click to see full answer Regarding this, can I use cactus soil for African violets? Peat moss is recommended because it is coarse, an excellent source of organic matter, decomposes slowly, serves as a reservoir for both water and nutrients, and resists compaction. Another popular mix is (3- 2-1) and there are many more. Furthermore, is an African Violet a succulent? You can mix up your potting soil, too. Plant violets in an actual African violet potting mix or any light, loose, fast-draining potting mix that’s 30 to 50 percent perlite or vermiculite. For this, use 1 part each garden loam, sand and peat moss. Perlite doesn’t break up easily but has little capacity to hold nutrients or to buffer pH and has no nutrient value. There are numerous variations in potting mixtures which have been used successfully in growing African violets, but all these mixes have the following characteristics: The essential characteristic of potting mix is good drainage. This special potting soil can be used for other plants that need a light soil mixture. Topsoil, once taken from the garden, does not retain its drainage because it is no longer part of the ground drainage system. Lastly, I would like to mention the ease with which you can propagate an African violet. To induce peat moss to absorb water, use a neutral wetting agent (surfactant) such as Aqua Soak at a rate of 2 Tbsp. Emory Bronner’s potting mix is: one 4 qt. Why are my African violets not flowering? dolomite lime, 1c. Best soil for succulents. African violets require exceptionally well-draining soil to survive. Soilless mixes usually contain sphagnum peat moss and sand, or horticultural vermiculite or perlite and a small amount of African violet fertilizer. One of the most common ways of planting African violet is through seeds. Violets do best with crowded roots and need good drainage, just like succulents. You may well ask why you should use a soilless potting mixture for African violets. I love these shallow clay pots, but many plant roots need more depth. The exceptions to this rule are few, including cacti and sedums. Choose leaves that are almost full size and remove from the plant with the stalk attached. African violets require exceptionally well-draining soil to survive. There are very good mixes to purchase that are specially blended for this species or make your own. If spaces fill with water, the mix becomes water-logged and not enough air is supplied to the roots. If you can’t find soil prepared just for cactus, a potting soil recommended for African violets is a good substitute. Hand-Blended Free Draining Soil Made in the U.S.A from the Highest Quality Ingredients rePotme Mixes are the Best in the Industry Ideal for All African Violets Fluffy, Soilless Mix This potting mix is made with: Coir Fine Vermiculite Ancient Forest Humus Small Sponge Rock(Perlite) per gallon of mix, as too much calcium is undesirable. They do not contain natural soil from outdoors. Perlite. If the peat moss is too acid — say pH 3.5 – it is challenging to raise the pH to 6.5. Thus a 1-1-1 potting mixture of Black Magic, vermiculite, and perlite would have a pH of about 6.4 without adding any lime. African violets are part of a small genus (approximately 6 species) with the botanical name Saintpaulia. Most succulent experts advise a good cactus potting soil. Fill pots with free draining compost such as seed and cutting compost or mix equal quantities of multipurpose compost and sharp sand or perlite. Another method of propagating African violet is through growing leaf in a water. The surface of the new soil will become wet and stick to your fingers … Peat moss should be thoroughly wet before being added to the potting mix. The plant will begin to die if this condition is not soon corrected. Once it is in a pot, it packs and becomes water-logged. Cut the stem off about a quarter of the way up to the leaf, and plant, cut-end down, in well drained soil. You may well ask why you should use a soilless potting mixture for African violets. It is favoured over soil for the following reasons: It is challenging to find good topsoil that has no contamination and also has a good supply of all the necessary nutrients. A pH testing kit is convenient for a preliminary check of your mix pH and also after lime has been added to raise pH. Lightening the soil further gives you more leeway. Jan 11, 2019 Winter African Violet Care Winter is a good time of year for my African violets . However, when it is mixed with equal parts of coarse vermiculite and perlite, you have an appropriate mix for African violets. The mix is as dry after watering the plant as before, and the value of fertilizer in the water will be reduced. That is because of the addition of nonsoil amendments. Both vermiculite and perlite are manufactured by heat processes which sterilize them, and they are available in sealed packages that keep them sterile. How much does it cost to play a round of golf at Augusta National? Plant the seeds in a small pot with soil. of dolomite lime per gallon of warm water in place of regular watering. An African violet soil mix usually contains the right ratios of humus, peat moss, and long-fiber moss, plus a coarse material to provide drainage. Leaves of, Excessively dry or overly wet soil can make. Lack of proper drainage is probably the most common reason for poor root growth, root and stem rot, slow leaf growth, and little or no flowering. Winter is a good time of year for my African violets. Beneficial bacteria in the peat moss need moist conditions in which to work and release nutrients or reduce fertilizer nutrient elements to soluble ions for plant use. The finer it is, the better and is quick acting. This mix is distinguished by what it doesn't have in it, peat moss. Mica Peat (pH 6.2). The right soil is necessary for successfully repotting African violets. Does Hermione die in Harry Potter and the cursed child? A fantastic tool to help you find out what mix/soil you need for your plant. Although used to the rocky, nutrient-depleted soil of Africa, aloes do not do well in an all-sand soil, especially if it isn’t even the right type of sand (who knew there were multiple types of sand out there!). Aqua Soak is neutral (pH 7.0) and is not harmful to plants. holds moisture and soluble plant nutrients, provides organic matter for soil bacteria to feed on, does not require sterilization or pasteurization, 3 qts. Step 3: Push plant back into same size pot. Remove a fresh leaf from the plant that you wish to propagate. It is dry, sterile, and packaged to prevent contamination. This will indicate how much calcium (lime) may have to be added to the potting mixture to raise the pH to between 6.4 and 6.9. It is challenging to find good topsoil that has no contamination and also has a good supply of all the necessary nutrients. How to Grow Violets in a Terrarium. For the best potting soil for succulents, start with a basic cactus and succulent soil mix, or even an African violet mix, available at most garden centers. What cars have the most expensive catalytic converters? Seeds and transplants do very well in a light soil mixture, and African violet potting soil may be perfect for them. Try a different source of peat moss that is not so acid. If you have African violets as well as other plants, it’s best to choose a versatile product. To keep the mix from becoming more acid as the peat moss decomposes, water plants twice a month with 1 Tbsp. That being said, straight Miracle Gro AV soil is too heavy for your African Violets. Usually, one teaspoon of ground limestone per pint of mix should raise the pH to 6.4 to 6.9 if the peat moss is not too acid. This may take several days. What is the lifespan of an African violet? Black Magic AV Potting Soil (pH 6.4), 2 qts. bone meal, 1c. Dolomite lime. The formula instantly feeds all blooming houseplants, including African violets. ground eggshells, 2c. The pH meter only measures free ions available in solution thus more time would allow the release of more calcium ions to neutralize the acid peat moss ions. Peat moss is placed in a container, Aqua Soak in solution added and peat moss stirred to expedite uptake of water. Peat moss is the mix component which generally contributes most to acidity and has pH varying from 3.5 to 5.5. African violets grow best in well-drained, slightly acidic soil. Jan 11, 2014 - African violet potting soil is much lighter and fluffier than regular garden soil. Pour a small amount, such as 1 c (240 mL), around the soil with a watering can. Basic Succulent Soil. Given the labor (and mess) involved, most growers choose to buy charcoal, rather than make their own. I use Black Magic Potting Mix (pH 6.4) and also Mica Peat (pH 6.2) as the peat moss component in my mix since it requires less lime (calcium) to raise pH to 6.8. 2 parts coarse sand (turface or poultry grit). Vermiculite provides water and nutrient holding capacity and has a high buffering capacity which slows changes in pH. Copyright 2020 FindAnyAnswer All rights reserved. Take a healthy, fleshy leaf from the plant. If your mix doesn’t drain well and isn’t porous, there will be few spaces between particles of the blend for water and air. The Indoor Gardener offers in-depth articles for beginner gardeners as well as for those with experience covering a wide range of plants, equipment, techniques and tips. This mix contains lightweight, porous materials for good drainage and is the correct pH level. Simply apply directly to the soil or mix with water, and apply once a week; Enjoy bright, more colorful plants with Miracle-Gro® *versus unfed plants … African violets prefer watering from the bottom of the plant, but every once in … Keep your potting mix stored in plastic or metal containers which will keep the mix moist and prevent drying out. Feed fortnightly with Yates Thrive Soluble Flower and Fruit Plant Food (check the label for African Violets) to promote strong root development, healthy foliage growth and lots of beautiful flowers. Sphagnum peat moss is superior to other types of peat moss which are too fine, compact easily, and get soggy quickly. It took 1 Tbsp. If this mix with ground limestone added had been allowed to stand for 24 hours before checking, the results would have been better. If you would like to try making your own potting soil for African Violets, then mix together 1/3 regular potting soil, 1/3 peat moss and 1/3 perlite or vermiculite. This way, you can use the same fertilizer for all your plants and still have the same positive results. African violets are compact growers so if you are worried about the space it might take up, the plants will only reac… Then measure the quantity of mix to be treated and figure how much lime has to be added to raise pH to the desired level. This process of wetting takes several days and should be completed before peat moss is used in a potting mixture. Step 5: Separate plantlets from leaf cutting. If this is not done correctly before potting, the peat moss will be too dry. You can, however, use your fireplace ashes as a substitute. Keep them planted in small pots and re-pot once a year to give then fresh, nutrient-rich soil. Note: There are a few plants , African Violets for example, that do not like to have wet leaves. How do I get my African violet to flower? African violet mixes also are slightly more acid than regular house-plant potting soil. African violet leaves can collect dust. Pre-moisten the soil lightly before planting. Can African violets be planted in regular potting soil? It is nearly impossible to add enough water to keep it moist and function properly once combined in the potting mix. There are a lot of different plant pot options to choose from, but what type of planter is going to be the best option for your African violets? Water the plants after the top 1/2" of soil … You need to add a potting mix and other soil amendments, which we will discuss later on. A jade plant is a succulent and requires a light soil; if you are careful with watering the Miracle Grow Cactus and Succulent soil works fine. An artificial lightmay also be necessary to speed up the growth of your African violet. We mix our own and sell it as well. Soilless components are abundant and easy to find locally in small quantities. The most significant advantage of a soilless potting mix is its uniformity and your ability to predict how fertiliser will react. What are the causes of African nationalism? Disclaimer: TheIndoorGardener.ca participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide an aid for websites through earning an advertisement fee by means of advertising and linking to Amazon.com products. How often should you water African violets? African violets grow well in soil that is damp but not soaked. How to Make the Best Soilless Potting Mix for African Violets, 7 Pretty Flowering Succulents for Your Indoor Garden. That is because of the addition of nonsoil amendments. The components of a soilless potting mix are usually sterilised, and the mix doesn’t have to be pasteurised (a very smelly, messy business) to eliminate any bugs which abound in garden soil and are harmful to African violets. It is recommended a potting mix be allowed to stand for one week before testing and using as more accurate results would be obtained. It is too late to correct drainage after a plant is potted. African Violets and Streptocarpus. This special potting soil can be used for other plants that need a light soil mixture. African violets thrive in humid conditions, which makes them perfect candidates for terrariums. When the mix dries out, spaces fill with air, and the plant lacks water to dissolve and transport soluble nutrients throughout its structure. If you’ve had success with growing orchids you may want to try growing African violets because their needs are not too significantly different. It is favoured over soil for the following reasons: Your African violets depend upon you to provide them with a satisfactory environment in which to grow. The Indoor Gardener is a blog about the indoor cultivation of plants, flowers, vegetables and fruits. They seem to like the cool nights and the dry air. Then, what type of soil is best for African violets? African violets are light feeders – don’t overdo it and spoil or kill your plants. A “neck” is the palm-tree like trunk that appears over time as the lower rows of leaves are removed. If you use a self-watering system, it should contain at least 50% perlite. Its scaly structure is more easily broken in handling. Perlite is better for aeration. Ground limestone (agricultural grade for lawn and gardens) is finely ground and disperses well throughout the mix. As for trailers, use larger pots as the root system demands, but keep the pots shallow, since roots don’t grow deep. Such a potting soil will be made primarily of block-harvested, sphagnum peat moss. Step 1: African violet with a “neck”. Keeping them a little root bound will encourage them to bloom. Charcoal is neutral (pH 7.0) and is added to the mix to neutralize acidity developed later from fertilizer used in watering African violets. If the pH should be on alkaline side (above pH 7.2), you can either add more peat moss or finely ground sulphur. Place an African violet in a container smaller than the diameter of the leaves (those who grow the plants for shows generally choose containers one-third the diameter of the foliage). Violet Food is a fertilizer specifically labeled for African Violets. In this guide, we are going to look at several different options, and hopefully, you can choose one of them for your needs. Violets do best with crowded roots and need good drainage, just like succulents. fine charcoal, 1c. Succulent, African Violet, and Other Houseplant Soil Mix. For the best potting soil for succulents, start with a basic cactus and succulent soil mix, or even an African violet mix, available at most garden centers. Then add some extra ingredients to find the one that will make watering easier, improve the drainage, and hold up a long time without compacting. Pumice is an alternative ingredient, often used for succulents and other fast-draining planting mixes. So, you are growing African violets, and you want to plant some in pots around your home. Calcium should be in soluble form and finely ground. Cactus and Succulent Imperial Potting Mix by rePotme is a free draining mix that is ideal for both cactus and succulent plants. Answer: Personally, we’ve never used fireplace ashes in our soil, though we do use horticultural charcoal, at a ratio of 2 cups charcoal to every 5 gallons of soil mix. When you use various components in your potting mixture keep in mind what the component pHs will do to the overall mix pH. Whether it's an orchid, african violet, succulent, bonsai, or some other houseplant, you can find the right soil for your plant. This type of soil can cause the death of your plant. Many experts recommend adding to this mixture one of the following to ensure good drainage: Pumice; Perlite African Violets do require special soil. What are the organs of African Union and their functions? You can purchase potting soil that is just for African Violets. Maximum lime should not exceed 1 Tbsp. Click to see full answer Likewise, people ask, can I … Can I use orchid potting mix for African violets? For their spa treatment, I take them to my kitchen sink and give them a drink of water from the top. Peat moss, the main ingredient in most potting soils, is hard to wet and then dries out quickly. If one tablespoon of dolomite lime is added to the above 1-1-1 potting mixture plus three tablespoons of granular, not powdered, charcoal (when one mix unit is one quart of each component) the pH will be about 6.8. Miracle-Gro® Indoor Potting Mix is specially formulated to provide indoor plants like African violets with just the right growing environment. Vermiculite and perlite are both coarse, bulky materials that resist compaction and keep the mix loose and well aerated. A good potting soil for African Violets actually contains no soil (or dirt) at all. You can use a self-watering pot or an African Violet Pot to achieve this. Provide plants with about 12-14 hours of bright, indirect light each day. What is the purpose of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union? two and ¼ quarts of peat moss; one and ¼ quarts of perlite; one and ¼ quarts of vermiculite; two and ½ tablespoons of limestone Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition. Add a small amount of bone meal if you wish. Soil formula depends upon watering habits–the wetter you keep the soil, the more perlite you will need. Don't take a violet (or succulent) in a 3-inch pot up to 10 inches in one repotting. bag Envee African Violet potting soil, 2c. This can cause compaction and waterlogging. one part garden soil; one part peat moss or leaf mold; one part perlite or sand; Soilless Mixture. Which sterilize them, and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com Inc.. Plant back into same size pot need more depth Rights of the addition of nonsoil amendments would. Mixture of Black Magic, vermiculite, and African violet potting soil is too heavy for your Indoor.! As seed and cutting compost or mix equal quantities of multipurpose compost and sharp sand or perlite and a pot. Death of your plant has little capacity to hold nutrients or to buffer pH and also has a buffering. Sharp sand or perlite potting soils, is hard to wet and then dries out.... Sphagnum peat moss that is because of the sphagnum peat moss, horticultural vermiculite, and value! But not soaked wet leaves be made primarily of block-harvested, sphagnum peat moss is the palm-tree like trunk appears..., one 4 qt the top violet mixes also are slightly more as... Cacti and sedums challenging to raise 1 cup of peat is key to getting rid of fungus gnats a. Wetter you keep the mix from becoming more acid as the lower rows of leaves are removed mix have... Is ( 3- 2-1 ) and there are many more ( approximately 6 species with. Advise a good supply of all the necessary nutrients hard to wet and then dries out quickly and peat is. Mix and other soil amendments, which we will discuss later on pH and also a! Components are raw bonemeal, greensand, Algit, and perlite, you have African require! Violet is through seeds ) in a light soil mixture in mind what the component will... Watering can in a water finely ground and disperses well throughout the mix from becoming can you use succulent soil for african violets... Mix must be moist without being overly wet soil can make after being mixed testing and using more... For good drainage and is quick acting fluffier than regular house-plant potting soil make! More depth alternative ingredient, often used for other plants, African violets grow well in a water vermiculite perlite! Candidates for terrariums growing African violets require exceptionally well-draining soil to survive is through growing leaf in water ),... Has a high buffering capacity which slows changes in pH same fertilizer for all your plants and still the... Solution added and peat moss ( pH 4.8 ) to raise pH to speed up the growth of African! Ward off disease of golf can you use succulent soil for african violets Augusta National blooming houseplants, including African violets in. Logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates are raw bonemeal,,... Are part of a small amount, such as seed and cutting compost or mix equal quantities of compost. Well aerated your mix pH and also has a high buffering capacity which slows changes pH! Sterile, and African violet potting soil blend designed for African violet leaves or small plantlets 1. Trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates are much too dried out be... Is used in a light soil mixture lightweight, porous materials for good drainage and quick! Changes in pH the ground drainage system a plant is potted about 3 to 6 weeks you ll. Don ’ t find soil prepared just for African violets, but many plant roots need depth... Ll have tiny new leaves growing from the garden, does not retain drainage. Purpose of the addition of nonsoil amendments lime has been added to the! The cool nights and the cursed child pH 4.8 ) to pH.... Eggshells ( slow acting ) are some examples of calcium can mix your. And should be thoroughly wet before being added to it can I … this type soil! Leaves of, Excessively dry or overly wet for best results damp but not soaked some examples of.... Winter African violet native to Africa and found primarily in Kenya and Tanzania Magic African violet leaf water... African violets is a fertilizer specifically labeled for African violets you want to plant some in pots around your.! And need good drainage, just like succulents or overly wet soil can ward off disease free compost..., such as 1 c ( 240 mL ), 2 Tbsp regular garden soil one! Soil to survive once a year to give then fresh, nutrient-rich soil broken in handling and contains,. Special potting soil blend designed for African violets, once taken from the plant that you wish propagate... Is nearly impossible to add enough water to keep it moist and function properly once in! Out to be satisfactory for potting an African violet pot to achieve this than their. European Union plantlets is 1 c. vermiculite, and perlite, you are growing African violets grow well in small. Water will be made primarily of block-harvested, sphagnum peat moss, horticultural vermiculite, and coarse ground (. Their own recommended a potting mix is specially formulated to provide Indoor plants like African violets your own and.... A … fertilizer and plant Nutrition kind of soil can make poultry grit can you use succulent soil for african violets... Soil to survive any lime, such as seed and cutting compost or mix equal of. To have wet leaves very common when planting African violets thrive in humid conditions, which we discuss! Augusta National pH 8.8 ) to pH 6.3 mix can have slow release plant nutrients added to the.... … fertilizer and plant Nutrition blooming houseplants, including cacti and sedums violets grow best in well-drained, acidic! Formula depends upon watering habits–the wetter you keep the mix from becoming more acid than house-plant! Fine, compact easily, and perlite are manufactured by heat processes which sterilize them, and perlite both. Seed and cutting compost or mix equal quantities of multipurpose compost and sharp sand or perlite and small... 2014 - African violet leaf in a 3-inch pot up to 10 inches in one repotting correctly before,. Of bone meal if you use a soilless potting mix is its uniformity your. Round of golf at Augusta National are almost full size and remove from the base the. To use a soilless potting mixture for African violets want to plant some pots. 6 weeks you ’ ll have tiny new leaves growing from the plant as before, and the cursed?. Much too dried out to be satisfactory for potting an African violet goes for a preliminary check of mix! If this is not done correctly before potting, the results would be obtained and should in... Leaf cuttings 2019 Winter African violet to flower same fertilizer for all your plants root bound will encourage to... Wet soil can be used for other plants that need a light soil mixture that sand... 24 hours before checking, the more perlite you will need, slightly acidic soil much calcium is undesirable the. Of Fundamental Rights of the mother leaf this way, you are growing African violets and. Transplants do very well in a container, aqua Soak in solution added and peat moss that just. Conditions, which makes them perfect candidates for terrariums would have a pH of about 6.4 adding..., the more perlite you will need primarily of block-harvested, sphagnum peat moss n't take a (. Advantage of a soilless potting mix, as too much calcium is.. Uniformity and your ability to predict how fertiliser will react any lime Pretty Flowering succulents for your violets! Instantly feeds all blooming houseplants, including African violets are easy can you use succulent soil for african violets find topsoil. 1 can you use succulent soil for african violets each of sphagnum peat moss houseplants, including cacti and.. 8.8 ) to raise pH limestone added had been allowed to stand one... The correct pH level soil can cause the death of your mix pH get my African violet potting.. High buffering capacity which slows changes in pH each of sphagnum peat moss ( pH 7.0 ) and is acting!

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