While Spanish is in highest demand, it’s also the second most commonly spoken language in the country and therefore doesn’t boost salaries as significantly as other languages. Nevertheless, the 2011 census recorded an overall reduction in Welsh speakers, from 582,000 in 2001 to 562,000 in 2011, despite an increase in the size of the population—a 2% drop (from 21% to 19%) in the proportion of Welsh speakers. The government of the United Kingdom "recognises that Scots and Ulster Scots meet the Charter's definition of a regional or minority language". Tons of articles and studies name the most spoken languages in the world. [47] Of approximately 5.1 million respondents, about 1.2 million (24%) could speak, read and write Scots, 3.2 million (62%) had no skills in Scots and the remainder had some degree of skill, such as understanding Scots (0.27 million, 5.2%) or being able to speak it but not read or write it (0.18 million, 3.5%). Arabic. French: Huguenot pocket watch Watch made by David Lesturgeon, c.1702. English has de facto official status everywhere, whereas Welsh has limited, but still considerable, official, de jure, status in only the public service, the judiciary, and elsewhere as prescribed in legislation. USA, Australia, New Zealand, UK, Canada and South Africa are some of the countries where this language is immensely popular. Place name evidence suggests Cumbric speakers may have carried it into other parts of northern England as migrants from its core area further north. 23% of the British population can use or understand French. However, the social and economic upheaval of the War meant that use of English increased dramatically after the Liberation. Foras na Gaeilge has an all-Ireland remit as a cross-border language body, and Tha Boord o Ulstèr-Scotch is intended to fulfil a similar function for Ulster Scots, although hitherto it has mainly concerned itself with culture. data than referenced in the text. The boundaries are not always clear cut, which makes it hard to estimate numbers of speakers. About 88% of people who moved to the UK before age 5 had English as their first language at home in 2018 More… People whose main language at home is English are more likely to be … [40][41] Despite this decline, revival efforts exist and the number of speakers of the language under age 20 has increased. English (5.52%) 4. English is spoken in 146 countries, a stark difference to Mandarin’s 29. That said, Marathi is spoken by around 71 million people in modern-day India and is the 19th most-spoken language in the world, so it’s definitely “ahead” in terms of number of speakers. The disparity in the ratios as determined by political and faith community, despite the very large overlap between the two, reflects the very low numbers of respondents. The UK government has ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages on behalf of the Manx government. However, there is some controversy over the actual number who speak Welsh: some statistics include people who have studied Welsh to GCSE standard, many of whom could not be regarded as fluent speakers of the language. However, the Norse speaking population were entirely assimilated by the Gaelic speaking population in the Western Isles; to what degree this happened in Caithness is a matter of controversy, although Gaelic was spoken in parts of the county until the 20th century. Languages of the Channel Islands and Isle of Man. It receives funding from the UK government and the European Union, and is the regulator of the language's Standard Written Form, agreed in 2008. The languages of the Crown Dependencies (the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man) are not included here. Chinese. There are also many languages spoken by people who arrived more recently in the British Isles, mainly within inner city areas; these languages are mainly from South Asia, Eastern and Western Europe. In Northern Ireland, the use of Irish and Ulster Scots is sometimes viewed as politically loaded, despite both having been used by all communities in the past. The largest Muslim country is Indonesia. Catholic areas of Belfast have street signs in Irish similar to those in the Republic. It has been estimated that the active Irish-language scene probably comprises 5 to 10 per cent of Ireland's population. [citation needed], Both the English and Welsh languages have official, but not always equal, status in Wales. Latin abbreviations can also be seen on British coins. British Council warns more young people must learn languages for UK to remain globally competitive post-Brexit The Bantu languages are a group which is spoken by around six million people spread across most of Africa. The fusion of these settlers' dialects became what is now termed Old English: the word English is derived from the name of the Angles. Certain nations and regions of the UK have frameworks for the promotion of their autochthonous languages. Most linguists think that it became extinct in the 12th century, after the incorporation of the semi-independent Kingdom of Strathclyde into the Kingdom of Scotland. English is spoken in 146 countries, a stark difference to Mandarin’s 29. Number of Gaelic language exam entries at Higher level in Scotland in 2017, Number of French language exam entries at Higher level in Scotland in 2015, Number of Spanish language exam entries at Higher level in Scotland in 2015, Number of Italian language exam entries at Higher level in Scotland in 2015, Number of German language exam entries at A level, Number of Spanish language exam entries at A level, Share of total A level students studying a language, Number of Welsh language exam entries at A level in 2017, Number of French language exam entries at A level in 2017, Number of German language exam entries at A level in 2016, Number of Spanish language exam entries at A level in 2017, Number of A level Irish language students, Number of A level Spanish language students, Number of A level German language students, Number of A level French language students, Where the UKs other languages are concentrated. By James Burton on June 12 2018 in Society. All important statistics are prepared by our experts – available for direct download as PPT & PDF! Out of the 5,118,223 residents of Scotland over the age of three, 1,541,693 (30%) can speak Scots. Using census data, we found the three most commonly spoken languages in each neighborhood. We look at the main language of UK residents, and their ability to speak English if English isn't their main language. [14]) An estimated 900,000 people speak Welsh in the UK,[15] an official language in Wales[16] and the only de jure official language in any part of the UK. The far and wide spread of the Spanish language across Europe and the Americas has made it our No. Sylheti, a language closely related to Bengali (sometimes viewed as a dialect of Bengali), is the most spoken language variety of the British Bangladeshis with around 400,000 speakers. Here is a breakdown of the main 20 languages spoken by people in the UK, according to the 2011 Census. And how well is the UK equipped to meet the current and future language need? The language was further influenced by the Old Norse language, with Viking invasions in the 8th and 9th centuries. Languages have historically spread through trade, conquests, colonization, immigration, and cultural interactions. 53,052 pupils were identified whose main home language was neither English, Gaelic, Scots, Doric nor Sign Language. Out of all the Romance languages, Italian is the most closely … With 405 million native speakers, Spanish is the second most commonly spoken language after Mandarin. British Council warns more young people must learn languages for UK to remain globally competitive post-Brexit Ulster Scots is defined in legislation (The North/South Co-operation (Implementation Bodies) Northern Ireland Order 1999) as: the variety of the Scots language which has traditionally been used in parts of Northern Ireland and in Donegal in Ireland.[67]. The use of Latin has declined greatly in recent years. Cumbric' was a variety of the Common Brittonic language spoken during the Early Middle Ages in the Hen Ogledd or "Old North" in what is now Northern England and southern Lowland Scotland. At the time of the 2011 Census, Aberdeen City had a total population of 222,793. Rules stipulate that patients must not be asked to pay for interpreting services and that they are entitled to "verbal and written language interpretation services" for 128 spoken languages. Alternatively Scots is sometimes treated as a distinct Germanic language, in the way Norwegian is closely linked to, yet distinct from, Danish. 1. 148, "Comisiynydd y Gymraeg - Aim of the Welsh Language Commissioner", "Initial Periodical Report by the United Kingdom presented to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe in accordance with Article 15 of the Charter", "A Comparative Perspective on the Education of Black Children in Britain", British schools enlist Sylheti in their syllabi, "Introducing the Sylheti language and its speakers, and the SOAS Sylheti project", "Pope's Latinist pronounces death of a language", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_the_United_Kingdom&oldid=992863064, History of literature in the United Kingdom, Articles with dead external links from March 2017, Articles with disputed statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wales (especially west and north) and parts of England near the, 1,123,500; 1.7% (2019 Wales figures, with England, Scotland and Northern Ireland estimated figures from 2011 census). "Annual Population Survey - Ability to read, write and understand spoken Welsh by age, sex and year", "2011 Census, Key Statistics and Quick Statistics for Wards and Output Areas in England and Wales", "The GP Patient Survey in Northern Ireland 2009/10 Summary Report", "Scotland's Census 2011: Gaelic report (Part 1)", "List of declarations made with respect to treaty No. [17] Approximately 1.5 million people in the UK speak Scots—although there is debate as to whether this is a distinct language, or a variety of English.[5][18]. Chinese Language Day is the 20th April. Tick all that apply" with options for 'Understand', 'Speak', 'Read' and 'Write' in three columns: English, Scottish Gaelic and Scots. [84] This is an increase of 134 people from the 2001 census. [48] There were also small numbers of Scots speakers recorded in England and Wales on the 2011 Census, with the largest numbers being either in bordering areas (e.g. Immigrants continue to have a strong influence on the city’s development, from its economic growth to its cultural life. Germany happens to be one of the fastest-growing e-commerce markets in the EU, making its consideration especially important for those looking to branch out with localized content. The Welsh language is protected by the Welsh Language Act 1993 and the Government of Wales Act 1998, and since 1998 it has been common, for example, for almost all British Government Departments to provide both printed documentation and official websites in both English and Welsh. Spanish . 38% of UK citizens report that they can speak (well enough to have a conversation) at least one language other than their mother tongue, 18% at least two languages and 6% at least three languages. Welsh (Cymraeg) emerged in the 6th century from Brittonic, the common ancestor of Welsh, Breton, Cornish, and the extinct language known as Cumbric. Scotland's Census 2011 – Language, All people aged 3 and over. [68] Across the two communities 0% speak it as their main language at home. Chubut estimates the number of Patagonian Welsh speakers to be about 1,500. Modern and ancient languages, such as French, German, Spanish, Latin, Greek, Mandarin, Russian, Bengali, Hebrew, and Arabic, are studied. There are 14 indigenous languages used across the British Isles: 5 Celtic, 3 Germanic, 3 Romance, and 3 sign languages: 2 Banszl and 1 Francosign language. English, in various dialects, is the most widely spoken language of the United Kingdom, but a number of regional languages are also spoken. 5. Top languages by population Ethnologue (2020, 23rd edition). Guernésiais most closely resembles the Norman dialect of La Hague in the Cotentin Peninsula (Cotentinais). Chinese. It is the second most popular language among Internet users, with sales of over $714 billion. There is intercomprehension (with some difficulty) with Jèrriais-speakers from Jersey and Norman-speakers from mainland Normandy. British Sign Language, often abbreviated to BSL, is the language of 125,000 Deaf adults, about 0.3%[23] of the total population of the United Kingdom. Also Wikipedia, saying that the although the de facto official language is English, the only de jure official language in any part of the UK is Welsh. Scotland's Census 2011 – Proficiency in English, All people aged 3 and over. That said, there are a number of Islamic countries in North Africa and the Middle East where Arabic is spoken. If not then this article is for you. Gaelic place names are relatively rare in the extreme south-east (that part of Scotland which had previously been under Northumbrian rule)[72] and the extreme north-east (part of Caithness, where Norse was previously spoken).[73]. Tones in Shona are relative to the pitch of the other words being used. Background Information Possibly the most comprehensive source of information relating to languages spoken in Aberdeen City comes from Census data. The language was brought to Ireland by Scottish planters from the 16th Century. after English and Polish, the most commonly spoken languages were Panjabi and Urdu, with 273,000 and 269,000 speakers respectively The United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union is fundamentally changing its relationships with the countries of the EU, and with the rest of the world. [45][46] The specific wording used was "Which of these can you do? Gaelic language learners in Scotland at Higher Level, 2011-2018, Scotland: Higher French language statistics trend 2009-2018, Scotland: Higher German language exam entries 2009-2018, Scotland: Higher Spanish language entries 2009-2018, Scotland: Higher Italian language exam entries 2009-2018, England: A level German statistics trend 2011-2019, England: A level Spanish statistics trend 2011-2019, A levels: European language learners in England 2011-2019, Wales; A level Welsh language candidates from 2011-2019, French: A level candidates in Wales from 2011-2019, German: A level candidates in Wales from 2011-2019, Spanish: A level candidates in Wales from 2011-2019, A levels: Irish language learners in Northern Ireland from 2011-2019, Northern Ireland: Spanish language candidates at A level from 2011-2019, Northern Ireland: German language candidates at A level from 2011-2019, Northern Ireland: French language candidates at A level from 2011-2019, Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2020, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2020, Number of apps available in leading app stores 2020, Share of Welsh speakers in Wales that speak Welsh daily, Share of English and Welsh population that speak a European language, English as a first language in the United Kingdom in 2011, Most common non-English languages spoken in England and Wales 2011, Other languages spoken in England and Wales in 2011, by language group, First language of the population of England by region in 2011, Top ten areas with highest share of non-native English speakers in England in 2011, Areas with highest share of native English speakers in England in 2011, England and Wales: English proficiency of largest non-native populations in 2011, England and Wales: English language proficiency of non-native speakers in 2011, Scotland: percentage of inhabitants with English language issues in 2011, Northern Ireland: English language proficiency of non-native speakers in 2011, Northern Ireland: non-English speaking population in 2011, Northern Ireland: English proficiency of non-native speakers by language in 2011, England and Wales: English language proficiency in 2011 by gender, Employment rate of non-native English speakers in England and Wales, by proficiency, Unemployment rate of non-native English speakers in England and Wales, by proficiency, Economic inactivity rate of non-native English speakers in England and Wales, England: English language proficiency of non-native speakers in 2011, Scotland: percentage of Gaelic-speaking inhabitants in 2011, Scotland: total primary pupils having lessons in Gaelic in 2017, Scotland: total secondary pupils having lessons in Gaelic in 2017, Northern Ireland: Irish language skills in 2011, Northern Ireland: share of primary students with lessons in Irish 2001-2018, Northern Ireland: share of secondary students with lessons in Irish 2001-2017, Wales: number of primary students with lessons in Welsh 2011-2018, Wales: number of secondary students with lessons in Welsh 2011-2018, Sign languages used in England and Wales in 2011, United Kingdom: languages used by deaf students in schools in 2017, by region. 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